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PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF SEED OF BAUHINIA RACEMOSA LAM

Abstract

Bauhinia racemosa Lam. belongs to Family Fabaceae. It is a small tree commonly known as Apta which is found in India, Ceylon, and China. The Bauhinia racemosa Lam. is popular in India as tribal pulses. Roasted seeds are eaten by tribal people. The aim of the present study is to carry out the phytochemical study of immature seeds while proximate analysis of immature and mature seeds. Ash value was determined by the method of AOAC (1990). Crude fat, crude fiber contents were accomplished by a method of Sadasivam and Manickam (1992). Moisture content (69.5 ± 0.5 %) and crude fibre content (5.4 ± 0.31%) of the seed was higher in the immature stage. Powder behavior revealed the presence of alkaloid, tannin, cysteine, anthraquinone glycoside, xanthoprotein; steroids etc. The results obtained show the study is helpful for identification and authentication. Proximate analysis determining the nutritional value of seeds of B. racemosa Lam.


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