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Currently, chemists seem more fascinated with exploiting less hazardous green solvent ionic liquids for countering the detrimental consequence of organic solvents on the environment. Ordinarily, ionic liquids having salt-like structures comprise cations and anions. Ionic liquids alleviate various enzyme-catalyzed reactions having excellent yields, increasing capacities and functions, enhancing recyclability, increasing stability, recovery, and cost-effectiveness, and these are cardinal elements for applications in industry. Furthermore, growing nanotechnology, polymer, electrochemistry, environmental chemistry, pharmaceutical medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutical chemistry, and biochemistry in the area of ionic liquids have been flourished among investigators. Ionic liquids-supported materials and techniques are excellent for efficient and sustainable procedures. Because of their assignment as designer solvents, through which the physiochemical dimensions of an Ionic liquid can be adjusted for better functioning for peculiar applications. The review delivers the gradual improvement, growth or development, or progress and prospects of ionic liquids and their physicochemical properties as well as examples of applications in a unified fashion.
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