SYNTHETIC PROTOCOLS AND SIGNIFICANCE OF HETEROCYCLIC FLUORESCENT - REINFORCING POLYMERS: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW
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Fluorescent High-Performance polymers are well known as high performance engineering thermoplastics because of their good thermal stability, chemical resistance and excellent mechanical properties. Polymers having S-triazine ring become a subject of interest because of enhanced toughness and low moisture absorption and commercially available high performance engineering plastic materials. However, the thermal stability of triazine ring makes it an attractive monomer for use in high temperature polymers. Synthesis of polymers containing chromophoric groups which are responsible for fluorescent property have significant applications in fields such as biosensors, clean energy technologies, explosive sensing, pH/temperature sensor, biological imaging, life science, material science, ultrasensitive molecular diagnosis and novel light - emitting nano devices. The aromatic azo group is being more interest because of the existence of cis-trans isomerism and its effect on the photochromic properties of the polymers. Therefore, polymers having azo group have potential use in a variety of applications. Fluorescent polymers can be developed with different methods; generally, there are two methods for preparation of fluorescent polymers. One of them is polymerization of a monomer having a fluorescent chromophore such as fluorescent compounds as initiator, fluorescent compounds as chain transfer agents, chemical bonding between fluorescent groups and polymers. The second way, chemical alteration of commercially available polymers having reactive groups by using fluorescent dyes or organic molecules.